Coverage, Operational Reach and Effectiveness (CORE)
Humanitarian Outcomes' programme on Coverage, Operational Reach, and Effectiveness (CORE) is a data-intensive study that probes the size and scope of global humanitarian response, with a particular focus on conflict-affected countries that pose challenges to humanitarian access.
CORE’s first pillar is the Global Database of Humanitarian Organisations (GDHO), which tracks information on the programme expenditure, staff size, countries of operation and other key information on humanitarian providers worldwide. This data, combined with our methodology for calculating rigorous estimates, is helping to fill a critical gap in the empirical evidence base in the humanitarian sector.
The second pillar is the Survey on Coverage, Operational Reach, and Effectiveness (SCORE). SCORE focuses on crisis contexts that are difficult to access and conducts remote surveys of people living there to learn what they see as the biggest constraints to their accessing vital relief aid, and which humanitarian actors are the most operationally present and effective. The SCORE reports feature these high-performing actors and highlight lessons and good practices in hard-to-access settings.
CORE receives ongoing funding support from USAID's Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA). It builds upon findings from the Secure Access in Volatile Environments (SAVE) programme, 2013-2016, which was funded by the UK government's Department for International Development (now the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office).
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Humanitarian Access SCORE Reports
This SCORE report presents findings from a survey of 426 people across Yemen to look at aid delivery in access-constrained regions.
This SCORE report features findings from a survey of 502 people in the central and northern governorates of Iraq conducted in May 2021.
This SCORE report features findings from a survey of 614 people in the Tigray region of Ethiopia to look at aid delivery in access-constrained regions.
Global Synthesis Report 2020
The Global Score Report highlights the national and international entities identified in the survey and data findings as especially effective at reaching people in hard-to-reach areas, and some emerging practices and new models that hold promise.
Humanitarian access in the conflict-affected areas of northeast Nigeria has been highly constrained since the start of the crisis. An estimated 1.24 million Nigerians outside the government-controlled areas are completely cut off from humanitarian assistance, while the several million more are obstructed to varying degrees in their ability to reach—and be reached by—critical aid.
Afghanistan remains in a state of chronic humanitarian crisis. Decades of unremitting armed conflict, recurrent natural disasters, and extreme poverty have placed the country near the top of the Global Crisis Severity Index, and ongoing challenges to humanitarian access have meant that coverage of humanitarian needs has been patchy, inadequate, and often skewed toward areas of lesser need where aid organisations find it safer to operate.
Central African Republic
Ongoing armed conflict and generalised insecurity in CAR has resulted in a severe and long-running humanitarian crisis. In 2013, a coup touched off fighting between rival coalitions of Muslim and Christian militias that brought the country to the brink of genocide. International intervention brought the worst of the fighting under control and facilitated a democratic election, but seven years later, the government has control over only a small portion of the country and atrocities against civilians continue.